What is gum disease?
More than half of the population in the UK experience gum disease at least once in their lifetime. It is a common condition in which the gums can become sore, inflamed and infected. Spitting blood whilst brushing your teeth is usually an early indicator of gum disease. This condition can cause major damage to the tissue and bone that support the teeth ultimately leading to tooth loss if left untreated.
What is gingivitis? What is periodontal disease?
Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums and usually precedes periodontal disease. It is caused by the formation of plaque containing bacteria, around the teeth. This leads to inflammation of the teeth and the consequent bleeding of teeth during the brushing process. If gum inflammation is left untreated it could potential develop into periodontitis. More advanced periodontitis occurs when the disease starts to affect the the structures around the teeth including the gums. The progressive loss of alveolar bone around the teeth and subsequent loosening can lead to serious tooth loss.
What is the cause of gum disease?
- Vitamin deficiencies
- Illness such as cancer/HIV
- Family History
What happens if gum disease is not treated?
As mentioned previously, the disease is likely to progress affecting the surrounding tissue and bone structures supporting the teeth leading to tooth loss.
How do I know if I have gum disease?
Initially, gum disease can present itself as a painless condition and therefore it is important to be aware of the signs
- Bleeding whilst brushing
- Bad breath
- Swollen gums
- Gingival Recession – Teeth appearing longer
- Slightly loose teeth