Bad breath, also known as halitosis, can come from poor oral hygiene and could possibly be a sign of an existing health problem. Halitosis can be made worse as a result of smoking, drinking alcohol and eating certain types of foods. To avoid bad breath, it is important that teeth are brushed and flossed regularly. Otherwise, food particles can remain between your teeth and promote bacterial growth around the teeth and gums that can cause bad breath. Our hygienist or dentist may recommend an antibacterial mouth wash to help with counterattacking the bacteria.
Bad breath can also be caused by gum disease or periodontal disease. The build-up of plaque containing bacteria will cause toxins to form inducing bad breath and if left untreated can cause permanent damage to the gums and jawbone. Another medical condition that causes bad breath is a dry mouth, scientifically known as xerostomia. Saliva is important in the digestive process but also neutralises toxins produced by plaque and washes away dead cells that have accumulated in the mouth. The root cause of a dry mouth may be certain medications, a disease of the salivary glands or simply breathing through the mouth. It is important to keep the mouth moist by drinking lots of water or by administering artificial saliva spray.